Slavery is an old age practice in Africa. The institution of slavery has existed in the history of human beings both in the primitive societies and the civilized societies. Most ancestors were either slaves or slave owners. In southern Africa, the most slaves were found in Mozambique and Angola. West Africa also had several slaves who came from Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Ghana.
Historians consider Mansa Musa’s pilgrim journey to Mecca as one of the most interesting stories in the history of Africa (Woods & Tucker, 2006). This is because Musa was a king who ruled one of the richest empires in ancient Africa. The journey to Mecca is also interesting because it was spectacular in terms of the number of people involved and the gifts that the king’s entourage carried. This paper provides an account of the pilgrimage journey that Mansa Musa took to Mecca in 1324, and discusses its impact in the history of the Western Sudan.
Hegemonic exchange is defined as a type of arrangement whereby the state facilitates coordination between the central government or ruling elite and other ethnic or regional interests to allow for mutual accommodation between them and facilitate peaceful coexistence (O’Flynn, 2010). The Hegemonic model lays emphasis on making inter-ethnic negotiations mostly in states that are ruled by a single party. The hegemonic exchange model is often applied in cases where the state is not able to employ complete hegemony over its people (O’Flynn, 2010). The state is therefore forced to exchange patronage and resources in order to maintain political stability within its region.
Pleasantville is a movie set in 1990 whereby the major casts who are a brother and a sister are haggling and fighting over a remote. Both of them want to watch a different channel and the outcome of their fight is that the remote breaks. All of a sudden a queer looking maintenance guy shows up and gives them a new remote. On use of the remote the two are transported into Pleasantville which is the brother’s favorite sitcom from the 1950s. The movie shows how the two strive to adapt to their new world and their attempts to return to their modern world. In this movie many social issues are addressed. This includes racism, gender roles, morality and societal norms. The movies seem to bring to light an underlying philosophy that things are not programmed to work in a certain way and not in another way (Calhoun 2007).
‘Slave Catchers, Slave Resisters’ is a 100 minutes, 2005 film which is meant to give an account of how the matters were during the slave trade period. Richardson (2005) mainly focuses on the issue of slave policing on how it happened in the North as well as the South. It analyses the methods that were used to catch and control the slaves, which included armed community patrol for slaves, use of militia, federal law as well as paid slave catchers. These were just some of the methods that were used to attain and contain the slaves. On the other hand, it also tells of how the slaves tried to resist being taken into slavery, and also how they tried to regain their independence after they were put into captivity. It is a matter in which the slave catchers and slave dealers tried as much as they could to get the slaves, while the slaves were keen on trying to escape the trap. The story is set at around the end of the civil war, looking at the repercussions of the war. In order to create the story, the film uses materials such as archival records, interviews and recreations. Looking at the creative, chronological and sequenced film, it is easy to depict the nature of the relationship that existed between the slaves and the slave holders. This is as indicated in the paragraphs below.
The Ghana Ancient Empire also known as Wagadugu Empire was in existence between the 9th and the 13th centuries. The empire’s location was on a gold mine, within the present day boundaries of Senegal, Mali, and Mauritania. Some of the present-day West Africa inhabitants who are believed to have ancestors linked with the empire include; Gonja, Dagomba, voltaic people, and Mande. The empire acquired its wealth and power from gold and the Trans-Saharan trade (Quigley, 2002).
John Drake is one of the heroes in the history of the United States of America. In fact, he is among those who made this nation great. His outstanding effort, his bitter struggle and his sound leadership saw him earn the respect of an American hero. He displayed qualities of a charismatic leader, and a caring master who appreciated and valued life in most of its aspects. He earned victory, and most memorable to many is his successful annex of California into America, permanently separating it from Mexico.
Surveillance is defined as the close monitoring of the actions of a specific individual. The surveillance technology systems are devices that identify monitors and track the movements and data. Surveillance has raised a lot of concerns in privacy issues in the advancing technology. The electronic devices used include the closed circuit TV, the VCR, the telephone bugging, electronic databases and the proximity cards. Surveillance has presented numerous challenges to the right to privacy.
Bussines and Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate Social Responsibility means the way in which business firms integrate environmental, economic and social concerns into their culture, values, strategy, decision making and operations in an accountable and transparent manner and, therefore, leading to better creation of wealth, an improved society and better practices in the business organization.
Introduction and Background
The incorporation of solar energy projects into a mixed approach to alternative energy sources can be a very useful tool, particularly in geographical locales where exposure to sunlight and a temperate or arid climate holds sway. You don’t just have to set up farms in the middle of a desert and run connections to the nearest power grid for solar power to work – individual homes can be fitted with solar panels that are either dedicated to specific appliances, such as hot water heaters, or that contribute to the power needs of the entire home.