Is It Reasonable to Be Afraid of Death?
We shall all die. I am not trying to be apocalyptic or something; it is simply a statement of fact. Every living being dies in the long run, however, there are a lot of possibilities to postpone death. A man may live 20, 50, 80 or even 100 years; but no man can live, for example, 200 years. Thus, death is foreseeable for all of us, and there is nothing we can do about it.
How Much Can One Believe Mass Media?
Some people really consider the mass media to be the fourth estate in its own right, keeping other three in balance. And, while it is true that in a democratic state the mass media are independent to a great degree and are free to criticize the actions of the government and its powerful officials, people tend to forget that there are certain powers standing behind every newspaper and every TV channel, and they want their interests to be protected – otherwise, they wouldn’t have worried about supporting these mass media.
When laymen speak about philosophy, the question “What is the meaning of human’s life” usually serves as the generalized description of what the philosophers try to find out. To a certain degree, it is true – for thousands of years philosophers of different schools tried to solve this problem. As it is characteristic of philosophy, they haven’t found a direct and unanimous answer.
At the first glance, the old and universally known principle “an eye for an eye” seems to be perfectly logical. You have harmed someone? You will receive the same amount of harm as a punishment. But being looked upon closer, the principle leaves much to be desired.
Some people tend to say that morality isn’t necessary to achieve anything in life, because every day we see people who are immoral and yet seem to be quite happy with their lives. But the one important thing that is overseen in this viewpoint is that they are immoral from the point of view of the speaker and not their own. With the exception of some fundamentals, the image of morality for one person may considerably differ from what this image is for someone else.
To kill a person is the ultimate evil one man can cause to another, because it is not reversible and, in fact, brings the existence of a man as we know him to an end. Can such act be ever justified?
There are different opinions in what concerns this issue. Some think that killing people is inconsistent with the status of human. Some say that it is alright in any circumstances when it may be useful. Between these two extremes there is a whole philosophy of opinions, tinges of opinions, schools of thought and ideologies.
But what if we look at the question from the point of view of logic?
Throughout the history of mankind there always were people, ideologies and organizations that used the phrase “The end justifies the means” as their motto or the leading principle. Its immediate meaning is as follows – if you have high, noble, important goal, you are free to resort to anything, however immoral it seems even to yourself. It may sound logical to some people – wouldn’t a just cause, usually restrained by its own moral limitations, be more effective if it borrows something from the repertoire of its enemies?
There is a very popular with some groups of people belief that states that all the evil in the world is caused by people’s ignorance; that the only way to eliminate evil is to eliminate ignorance; once people are educated, intelligent, free of superstitions and the need to devote most of their time to satisfying their basic necessities, we will at last have a healthy society of pure happiness and harmony. These people, however, seem to have very vague understanding of human nature and history.
The definition of right and wrong is one of the most widely discussed questions in philosophy, the one that, in some ways, is the foundation of this branch of knowledge itself. Every human being, every society and every person on Earth has certain understanding concerning what is right and what is not; there are certain general ideas that direct at good and bad actions; the man can act in a certain way because he wants so, but still believe that he is acting in a way that is wrong. Why is it so, where do these ideas come from?
“It isn’t logical, but I feel it is right”. How often have we heard this phrase – in life, in films, read it in fiction books, and it is always considered to be automatically correct, because it is so appealing for an average man to have his feelings proclaimed as the most exact indicator of morality, with all this cold and boring logic discarded as inhuman and evil. But, ironically, how much logic there is in this?