Slavery is an old age practice in Africa. The institution of slavery has existed in the history of human beings both in the primitive societies and the civilized societies. Most ancestors were either slaves or slave owners. In southern Africa, the most slaves were found in Mozambique and Angola. West Africa also had several slaves who came from Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Ghana.
Historians consider Mansa Musa’s pilgrim journey to Mecca as one of the most interesting stories in the history of Africa (Woods & Tucker, 2006). This is because Musa was a king who ruled one of the richest empires in ancient Africa. The journey to Mecca is also interesting because it was spectacular in terms of the number of people involved and the gifts that the king’s entourage carried. This paper provides an account of the pilgrimage journey that Mansa Musa took to Mecca in 1324, and discusses its impact in the history of the Western Sudan.
Hegemonic exchange is defined as a type of arrangement whereby the state facilitates coordination between the central government or ruling elite and other ethnic or regional interests to allow for mutual accommodation between them and facilitate peaceful coexistence (O’Flynn, 2010). The Hegemonic model lays emphasis on making inter-ethnic negotiations mostly in states that are ruled by a single party. The hegemonic exchange model is often applied in cases where the state is not able to employ complete hegemony over its people (O’Flynn, 2010). The state is therefore forced to exchange patronage and resources in order to maintain political stability within its region.
‘Slave Catchers, Slave Resisters’ is a 100 minutes, 2005 film which is meant to give an account of how the matters were during the slave trade period. Richardson (2005) mainly focuses on the issue of slave policing on how it happened in the North as well as the South. It analyses the methods that were used to catch and control the slaves, which included armed community patrol for slaves, use of militia, federal law as well as paid slave catchers. These were just some of the methods that were used to attain and contain the slaves. On the other hand, it also tells of how the slaves tried to resist being taken into slavery, and also how they tried to regain their independence after they were put into captivity. It is a matter in which the slave catchers and slave dealers tried as much as they could to get the slaves, while the slaves were keen on trying to escape the trap. The story is set at around the end of the civil war, looking at the repercussions of the war. In order to create the story, the film uses materials such as archival records, interviews and recreations. Looking at the creative, chronological and sequenced film, it is easy to depict the nature of the relationship that existed between the slaves and the slave holders. This is as indicated in the paragraphs below.
The Ghana Ancient Empire also known as Wagadugu Empire was in existence between the 9th and the 13th centuries. The empire’s location was on a gold mine, within the present day boundaries of Senegal, Mali, and Mauritania. Some of the present-day West Africa inhabitants who are believed to have ancestors linked with the empire include; Gonja, Dagomba, voltaic people, and Mande. The empire acquired its wealth and power from gold and the Trans-Saharan trade (Quigley, 2002).
Napoleon Made a Mistake in Entrusting His Armies to Inferior Generals
Napoleon Bonaparte was one of the most powerful and respected generals in the world history. He was also one of the most feared ones, but still he was defeated. In this essay I will describe some of the reasons of his failure and will try to show, what lessons we can learn from this interesting personality.
The Black Arts Movement and the Harlem Renaissance
BAM, or the Black Arts Movement, represents an artistic branch of the Black Power movement. It was started by Amiri Baraka in Harlem. The Time magazine wrote that this movement was the most controversial in the African-American literature. BAM’s key institution was the Black Arts Repertory Theatre.
Before Mammography Began
Breast cancer today is the second leading reason of cancer death in the US and the most wise-spread non-skin-related malignancy in the country. Over 180 000 new cases of the disease are discovered every year and up to 40 000 women die from it in the same period of time. Today the best chance to cure the cancer is to detect it at early stages, and the situation is likely to be the same until a way to treat all the women regardless of the stage the disease is discovered is found.